Journaling which has so many applications in a class. Journaling builds up writing confidence and stamina in students as they practice their skill. Moreover, entries do not always need to be straight writing they can incorporate doodles, diagrams, pictures or mind-maps as the point is to get the thoughts and ideas down onto paper so that they can be evaluated by the teacher or used later by the student. Journals allow for differentiation of instruction without having to be glaringly obvious every time the activity starts, just at the beginning as the student is learning how to journal for the class. ELL students could use pictures to express their thoughts if the words were not available to them, the journal could be a way for the teacher to write back and forth to a student labeling in English the things they have drawn (if you are positive what it is). Journaling can be used as an effective formative assessment to measure student understanding and inform the instructor on how to move forward with the topic.